France has ordered six additional NH90 helicopters in tactical troop transport (TTH) configuration, the French Defence Procurement Agency (DGA) said on Thursday 7 January. The order closely follows that of seven more Tiger attack helicopters in December.
The new NH90 order brings the total amount of NH90 TTHs on order for the French Army Aviation to 74. Since 2010, the type has been deployed by several countries in different theatres of operation. An extensive list of role-tailored equipment allows the NH90 to fit operators’ mission needs.
In a program plagued by delay after delay, Airbus Helicopters on Thursday 17 December finally delivered the first anti-submarine warfare-equipped NH90 helicopter to Sweden. The Scandinavian country desperately has been needing an advanced anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability for years, as its waters in the Baltic Sea are regularly visited by submarines and submersibles, supposedly mainly of Russian origin.
The Swedish Defence Materiel Administration FMV (Försvarets Materielverk) took delivery of the NH90. The helo has a customized mission system including underwater sonar, tactical radar and high cabin for improved interior space. In total, Sweden has ordered 18 NH90s, 13 equipped for search-and-rescue missions (SAR) and five in ASW configuration. In Swedish service the type is dubbed HKP14 (Helikopter 14).
The first of the ASW HKP14 has now been delivered, with four more following. Also, four SAR-configured Swedish NH90s will be re-configured into the same ASW-platform. In the end, Sweden will therefore have nine NH90s for SAR duties and nine for ASW tasks. The Swedish ASW variant has been in development since 2007. Delays sparked strong criticism from the Swedish military, with some officials quoted as having lost confidence in the program.
UH60M Black Hawk
The introduction of the NH90 into the Swedish army was also not without problems. To overcome these, Sweden took desperate measures in 2010 and ordered 15 UH-60M (HKP16) Black Hawk helicopters as a stop gap. Having become the first export customer of that version of the Black Hawk and very happy with its performance, Sweden will keep the Sikorsky tactical transport helicopters besides the 18 HKP14s.
All helicopters in Swedish military service are operated by the Swedish Armed Forces Helicopter Battalion (Försvarsmaktens Helikopterflottiljen). With its headquarters at Linköping-Malmen, the choppers fly from that airbase as well as Luleå-Kallax in the far north and Ronneby near Karlskrona in the far south. Apart from the HKP14s and HKP16s, the battalion operates 12 AgustaWestland HKP15A (A109) battlefield support helicopters as well as 8 AgustaWestland HKP15B (A109) maritime helicopters. Once the last NH90 has been delivered the total fleet will be 45 helicopters.
Rescuing people from the icy waters of Scandinavia with the winch on the new NH90 helicopter is not so easy, the Swedish Armed Forces discovered during tests the last few months. Unless there is sufficient crew on board, the risk of the winch cable damaging the helicopter is a serious concern.
Currently the winch operator has to hold wire away from the chopper by hand or foot, with another crew member holding him safe. Once out on a real operation there may that person, with the two pilots/navigators in the front and the diver in the water. But technicians of the Swedish Armed Forces (Försvarsmakten) and the Third Helicopter Squadron (Tredje helikopterskvadronen) think that with some additional equipment it may work.
The maritime version of the HKP14 (Helikopter 14) – as the NH90 is dubbed in Swedish military service – will be on the forefront of submarine hunting in the near future. Sweden lost serious airborne capacity when the Boeing-Vertol/Kawasaki HKP4 (model 107, CH-46 in USMC service) was decommissioned in 2011. HKP14 field tests as underwater reconnaissance asset with dipping sonar is planned for 2016.
Worldwide, the NHIndustries NH90 helicopter fleet amassed over 100,000 flight hours as of October 2015. Close to 6,000 of those were clocked up by the 18 NH90 helicopters currently flown by the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) on behalf of the Dutch Royal Navy, making the Dutch one of the most experienced users. And yes, the NH90 program has had its share of difficulties, but the helicopter now performs to the satisfaction of its crews and shows its potential as a force to be reckoned with, says 860 squadron commander Martin Mos. From walking to running with the force multiplier that is the NH90.
From his squadron office Martin Mos overlooks the flightline at De Kooy air station, located near Den Helder, the city that also houses Holland’s one and only Koninklijke Marine (Royal Navy) base. For close to four decades, this flightline used to be filled with SH-14 Lynx helicopters. In 2010, something far more advanced arrived at De Kooy in the shape of the first Dutch NH90 helicopter, the result of a joint program by France, Germany, the Netherlands and Italy to design and build a new multi role helicopter. The joint effort started in the early nineties and a first prototype flew on 18 december 1995.
It took a lot of further developing, testing and evaluation before Dutch crews finally got their hands on the helicopter. Since then, a total of 18 NH90s arrived at De Kooy, with the final two helicopters to be delivered by January 2016. It means a full house again for the De Kooy and the based 860 squadron, although maybe not quite: it will be four more years until all helicopters are updated to the Final Radar Configuration (FRC) that makes them true multi role helicopters.
“In the past five years we operated the NH90 mainly in what we call the Meaningful Operational Capability (MOC) or Full Operational Capability (FOC)”, says 860 squadron commander Martin Mos. “It meant we could fulfill basic tasks such as transporting cargo, troops and special forces, support ships in naval operations and assist in search and rescue operations. It also meant that the helicopter was simply not in its end-version yet. We did gain a lot of experience however which helped in bringing us nearer to that final FRC-version. Today, we operate several helicopters in their Final Radar Configuration already.”
As those words are spoken, an NH90 starts its two 2,900 horsepower Turbomecca RTM 322-01/9 engines and minutes later leaves the flightline for practising underslung loads. On other days, helicopters fly from De Kooy to navy ships to assist in operations or to practice winch operations or ever-challenging deck landings. The NH90’s advanced fly by wire system and equally advanced autopilot and auto-hover options reduce workload. The chopper is operated by a single pilot, a tactical coordinator (tacco) and a sensor operator. If needed a diver or a sniper is brought along.
Mos describes five years of Dutch NH90 operations as ‘transitioning from crouching to walking’. Since 2012, the NH90 has been constantly deployed aboard Dutch Royal Navy ships, taking part in successful counter-piracy missions in African waters and counter-drugs operations in Carribean seas. “We are happy with the progress made over the last years. In fact, crews are generally very happy with the NH90. Yes, there were some issues as a result of constant updates and modifications, but we feel we have a platform that offers great stability and lots of potential.”
The positive attitude is shared by NH90 crews in New Zealand and Belgium – as Airheadsfly.com found at last year. It contrasts however with findings in Finland and Germany, were the NH90 is under constant pressure. It also contrasts with corrosion and quality control issues found last year on Dutch NH90s already delivered, forcing a complete stop of new deliveries. “We work together very well with NHI, who had committed itself to tackle those issues”, says Mos while showing parts on the NH90’s nose that have had anti-corrosion treatments. “As for the criticism: it frustrates the crews, as they think it is unjustified. Also, advanced defense platforms such as the NH90 need time to mature. That’s the reality of today.”
The Dutch NH90s are currently involved in Operation & Test and Evaluation (OT&E) for added capabilities, such as sonar deployment for tracking down submarines, plus torpedo launches. The sonar capability is currently tested in operational conditions in operation Trident Juncture in Spanish waters, while torpedo launches were tested in the Dutch waters of the Waddenzee, near Den Helder. Torpedo launches will be further tested in a tactical scenario aboard a frigate in the beginning of 2016.
Multiplier The Final Radar Capability will fulfil the NH90s potential as a force multiplier for naval forces. “The US Coast Guard already named our helicopter as a force multiplier during anti-drug operations in the Carribean”, Mos says. “With the FRC-version, we’ll be able to trully act as a navy ship’s eyes and ears. The NH90’s radar provides a 360 degrees coverage of close to 200 miles. We can see, identify and if necessary attack any ship far away from our own vessel, and all data is transferred to our ship via datalink. Max endurance for the NH90 is about four flying hours.”
At De Kooy, the helicopter practicing lifting underslung loads didn’t take nearly that long. In the decor of a setting sun, the NH90 and its crew return to the flightline, marking the end of the day’s flying. Mos is satisfied: “Right now we are getting the best at the NH90’s current capability. We have learned to walk. In a few years, we’ll get to use the NH90 to its true potential. That’s when we are fully ready. That’s when we’ll be running at full speed.”
NHIndustries delivered the 250th NH90 helicopter this week, the happy customer being the Italian Army Aviation branch. The event took place in NHIdustries facility in Viterbo, Italy, during the annual NH90 users conference. Together, the 250 choppers delivered have flown more than 95,000 flight hours.
The celebratory NH90 is a Tactical Transport Helicopter optimized for land-based missions. It will be operated by the Italian Army aviation special forces. The Italian Armed Forces already operate a fleet of 30 NH90 TTH and 17 NH90 NFH. The NH90 is also operated in Germany, France, the Netherlands, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Greece, Oman, Belgium, Australia and New Zealand.
“We are committed, at NHI, to delivering our helicopters on-time to our customers. The delivery of the 250th aircraft today is an important milestone and it highlights the technical and commercial success of this European program”, said Vittorio Della Bella Managing Director of NHIndustries.
The NH90 is produced in two main variants, one dedicated to naval operations, the NH90NFH (Nato Frigate Helicopter) and a Tactical Transport Variant for land based operations. As of today, 249 helicopters have been delivered in Naval and Tactical transport variants.
The twin-engine, medium-size NH90 helicopter program is managed by the consortium NHIndustries, the Company owned by AgustaWestland (32%), Airbus Helicopters (62.5%), and Fokker (5.5%).