The Czech Air Force keeps its active combat fleet on 56 aircraft in 2015, the Czech Ministry of Defence acknowledged.
Spearhead of the force are 14 SAAB JAS 39C/D Gripen multi-role fighters, supported by 25 indigenous-developed Vodochody L-159 ALCAs. This brings the total fixed-wing combat aircraft fleet to 39. Closer to the ground 17 Mil Mi-24 and Mi-35 Hind attack helicopters provide a key function on the battlefield, giving the Czech a strenght of 56 aircraft.
Besides the combat aircraft the Czech Air Force in 2015 keeps 9 L-39 advanced training aircraft, 17 transport and observation aircraft (L-410, Yak-40, CL-601 Challenger, A319CJ, CASA/Airbus C295M), plus 35 unarmed transport helicopters (Mi-8, Mi-17 / Mi-171S, W-3A Sokol).
Source: Ministerstvo Obrany České Republiky (MOCR)
The Bangladesh government is continuing to beef up the country’s Air Force (Bānglādēśh Bimān Bāhinī; BBB). Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina confirmed on Wednesday 10 December that the BBB will get more trainers, more helicopters and more transport aircraft.
Mrs. Sheikh Hasina visited Bangladesh Airbase Bangabandhu near the city of Kurmitola while making her statements. She came to inspect the Hongdu (Karakorum) K-8W jet trainer. Arrived in September 2014, Bangabandhu is home to 9 of these newly Chinese-built aircraft. The W-version has a digital cockpit. Recently Bangladesh also ordered 24 Russian-made Yak-130 advanced jet trainers.
According to the country’s Prime Minister, more aircraft are on their way: Mil Mi-171 tactical transport helicopters, possible more Nanchang PT-6 basic trainers and Let L-410 transport aircraft. When it comes to the PT-6 it might mean bringing old aircraft back to airworthy status. The Bangladesh Air Force still flies almost two dozen of these Chinese built propeller planes, but took delivery of 40 aircraft of the type.
The Bangladesh Air Force has a very mixed fleet of aircraft. The primary air defence fighter is the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29, of which 6 single- and 2 double-seaters are operational. There are plans to upgrade them to MiG-29SMT (single) and MiG-29UBM (two-seat) standards, but Airheadsfly.com could not confirm the progress made on the negotiations with Russia. It is believed that the Bangladesh Air Force is first improving its flying skills before the country’s leadership will make a decision to replace the 30 operational Chengdu F-7 fighter-bombers.
When it comes to the transport fleet Let L-410 Turbolet might be a welcome replacement or addition for the about 30 year old three Antonov AN-32s delivered by the then Soviet Union in the 1980s. Dhaka is also searching for doubling its fleet of four Lockheed C-130E Hercules aircraft.
In April 2014 Bangladesh placed an order for five Mil Mi-171s to bring the total force up to 16 helicopters of the type. It is uncertain if Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is looking for even more of these modern versions of the “Hip”. The Bangladesh Air Force is operating older Mi-17s (16-18) and a dozen ex-US Armed Forces Bell 212s.
Sahara sand. It’s not what you’d expect to hear at 07:45hrs on a February morning at the Czech Republic’s airbase of Čáslav. Yet, it’s exactly what the assembled Gripen pilots are told during their morning briefing. The airbase is covered by a fine layer of Sahara sand, brought by yesterday’s rain. The crew smile, because they know their equipment will have no problem with a bit of sand. Nearing a decade of flying the Gripen, the Czech are confident but also looking for further ways to get the maximum out of their prize fighter.
In fact, in some ways the Czech are already getting the max out of their twelve Saab JAS 39C single seaters and two JAS 39D dual-seat Gripens. The Czech Air Force (Vzdušné síly Armády České republiky) has proven to be the type’s most extensive user. The leased aircraft spend more hours in the air than their Swedish brethren.
“We took the lead last year with some of our aircraft passing 1,400 hours of flying time”, says major Jaroslav Tomaňa (38), commander of 211. taktické letky (tactical squadron) during an exclusive interview with AIRheads↑FLY. “We are at the forefront of JAS 39C/D Gripen operations. In 2015 we’ll celebrate ten years of flying this aircraft.” Up to now, the Čáslav Gripens spent 16,840 hours in the air in total.
The Czech have had a steep learning curve behind them, says Tomaňa, who himself has 1,100 hours on the type. Last year, he took command of 211 ‘Gripen’ squadron. “I first flew the JAS 39A Gripen in Sweden in 2005, flying the L-159 ALCA before that. The Gripen immediately proved an amazing, smooth aircraft to fly. But transitioning from the JAS 39A to the C-model was initially quite hard, since we had no two-seat operational trainer available at the time. However, it all worked out.”
The military airfield of Čáslav is
officially known as the 21st Tactical Air Force Base Zvolenská.
It is located just north of the city of Čáslav, about an hour drive (45 mls / 75 km)
east of the Czech capital of Prague. Čáslav is home to the Czech Republic’s only
frontline multi-role fighter unit: 211. taktické letky (tactical squadron)
flying the Swedish made SAAB JAS 39C/D Gripen.
The Czech Air Force is now an almost independent user, with only three staff personnel of the Swedish Armed Forces Materiel Agency (Försvarets Materielverk; FMV) still present at Čáslav. “We have gained a lot of experience over the years, flying and maintaining this machine”, says Tomaňa while just outside the squadron building, preparations for the first sorties of the day are ongoing. Usually during this time of year, an old, truck mounted L-29 Delfin engine is used to clear the runway of ice. Now it is used for clearing the apron of Sahara sand.
The 211 squadron consists of 127 professionals, including 17 qualified Gripen pilots. A further five Czech Gripen pilots are stationed elsewhere – like with the general staff in Prague. 211’s mission is to protect the airspace of the Czech Republic and its NATO allies. Tomaňa: “We have two aircraft on a constant Quick Reaction Alert or QRA, ready to be in the air within 15 minutes. A third aircraft is on standby. This puts quite a lot of stress on the rest of the fleet. Usually we have seven to eight aircraft ready to fly, including those on QRA. The other 4 to 5 aircraft are available for our regular flying program, which should give each pilot 120 hours in the air yearly. They also spend another 40 hours on the simulator.”
But the most fun part is spending time up high above the Czech countryside, practising defensive counter air (DCA) or offensive counter air (OCA) manoeuvres. Sometimes, a bit of dissimilar air combat tactics (DACT) is needed, with L-159 ALCAs acting as opponents, or even better, German EF2000 Eurofighters. Tomaňa: “We occasionally meet up with them somewhere over Germany, because the temporarily reserved airspaces (TRAs) over our country are somewhat limited. It’s good training, and despite the Typhoons better thrust-to-weight ratio, our Gripen performs well. Its smaller size is an advantage in close range air combat. I’m not afraid of the Typhoon”, smiles the squadron boss.
Hooking up with various tankers such as French C-135s or a Swedish tanker C-130 equipped with an in-flight refueling system, is another thing that keeps 211 squadron busy. Fueling up in mid-air requires careful planning and a lot of verification and certification before hook-ups can actually take place.
“It involves a serious amount of work, as tankers are high value assets in peacetime as well”, says Tomaňa, who himself was actually the first Czech pilot ever to perform air-to-air refueling (AAR). “We have to be creative in our planning. For example, last year we flew several AAR-sorties with a Swedish Hercules that visited a Czech airshow. The French tankers we usually meet over France, making these 3.5 hour missions the longest we fly. If along the way we have to land somewhere, it’s no problem because our pilots know how to cross service their own aircraft. It’s a perfect example of the flexibility of Saab Gripen.”
During the traditional Tiger Meet, the yearly gathering of NATO member squadrons that fly the big cat emblem, the Czechs show their flexibility even more. In 2010, number 211 squadron became a full member and immediately took home the silver trophy for best overall tiger squadron. Next June, the Czech will meet their fellow tigers at Schleswig-Jagel in northern Germany. In the not-to-distant future, Czech Gripen pilots will further enhance their performance during these large scale exercise with the addition of real-time data exchange option Link 16.
Thoughts of organizing a Tiger Meet back home at Čáslav are cut short by a lack of funds. Major Tomaňa: “Our resources don’t allow this, but we have come up with a innovative alternative in the shape of a virtual Tiger Meet. This exercise was first held last autumn and proved to be very successful.” Several Tiger squadrons sent delegations to LOM Praha‘s hi-tech Tactical Simulation Centre (TSC) in Pardubice, where pilots and Ground Controlled Intercept (GCI) operators practised tactical simulations with the help of eight interlinked cockpit simulators and two GCI stations. The TSC provides full NATO standard briefing and debriefing facilities.
During AIRheads↑FLY’s visit at Čáslav, the daily program had several training flights, a tango (training) scramble – with squadron boss Tomaňa himself taking part – and a display practice for the upcoming airshow season. “We have a busy schedule this year. Apart from the QRA task here at Čáslav, we will take on the Iceland Air Policing mission in the second half of 2014. That means running two QRA operations at a time, stretching our resources. In 2016 we will provide the Iceland Air Policing mission once more. We are also planning the Baltic Air Policing mission in 2019, like we did in 2009 and 2012.”
Gripen User Group
Besides the Czech meeting NATO obligations, they contribute to the Gripen User Group (GuG). This co-operation of air forces currently flying the JAS 39 fighter is aimed at sharing logistics and experiences. The GuG’s member nations are Sweden, the Czech Republic, Hungary, South Africa and Thailand. The number of flying hours give the Czech an experience advantage, which they share with the other Gripen users.
The Saab aircraft is bound to serve the Czech Air Force for another 14 years, although finalization of the lease extension has been delayed somewhat by a change of government. Major Tomaňa is confident: “It’s a matter of time. The Gripen was and still is the best choice for our country.”