Embraer on Thursday 25 February officially rolled out the first E190 E2 aircraft, the first of a new generation of E-jet single aisle airliners from Brazil. The aircraft appeared from the production hangar in a ceremony held at Embraer’s headquarters in São Paulo, Brazil. Hundreds of eployees and invited Embraer stakeholders witnessed the event.
The new jet is powered by Pratt & Whitney’s PW1900G engines To date, Embraer has received orders, options and letters of intent for more than 640 E-Jets E2s. Embraer is planning on the first flight of the E190-E2 to take place in 2016, with deliveries expected for 2018.
Pratt & Whitney’s collaboration with Embraer on the E2 program began in January 2013 when Embraer selected the GTF engine as the exclusive power for their second generation of E-Jets. This milestone follows the start of the PW1900G engine’s flight test program which began in November 2015.
The E2 enter a competive market with the Bombardier CSeries, Mitsubishi MRJ and Chinese designs all looking for a share. All aircraft have the Pratt & Whitney engine in common.
The final Embraer 190 for KLM Royal Dutch Airlines landed at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport on 19 December 2015, completing the fleet of 30 E190s for short-haul daughter company KLM Cityhopper just a few days after the 29th aircraft of the type and the 2nd Boeing 787 Dreamliner arrived.
KLM Cityhopper is one of the largest regional airlines in Europe, making 100,000 flights a year to 54 European destinations. In 2016 four new destinations will be included.
KLM Cityhopper Fokker 70
With the arrival of the new aircraft KLM Cityhopper is able to transport 100 passengers on the E190s and 88 on the E175, against 80 on the Fokker 70. The E175 has a slightly shorter range than the Fokker 70: 1,800 miles (3,334 km) with a typical cruising speed of 447 knots (515 mph or 828 kmh). It has a service ceiling of 41,000 feet. When the E-Jet fleet is complete, KLM will have the largest Embraer fleet in Europe.
On 14 December 2015 KLM received its second of ten ordered Boeing 787 Dramliners. Named Anjer (Carnation) if follows the Zonnebloem (Sunflower) into service on the routes between Amsterdam and Abu Dhabi and between Amsterdam and Dubai. In 2016 KLM will also field its 787 on its service from Schiphol IAP to Rio de Janeiro.
Embraer confirmed on 19 May 2015 that China’s Tianjin Airlines signed the final agreement for the firm order of 20 E195s and two E190-E2s. The final go is the first E-Jet E2 order by a Chinese airline, which no doubt makes the Brazilian aircraft manufacturer very happy.
The deal is part of a larger possibility for a total of 40 aircraft, struck when Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Brazil in July 2014. Embraer is confident that Beijing will also give the final go ahead for the remaining 18 E190-E2s, but has not put a date on it yet.
The first E195 will be delivered to Tianjin in 2015, and the first E190-E2 is scheduled for delivery in 2018. The Chinese airline has the largest fleet of E-Jets in Asia at the moment, with fifty E190s operational.
KLM Cityhopper announced on 30 March 2015 the purchase of 17 new Embraer E-Jets to replace its Fokker 70 aircraft. The deal is for 15 E175s and two E190s. The latter will arrive in December 2015, while the E175s are expected between March 2016 and June 2018.
With the purchase the end is in sight for a historical Dutch product flown by a major Dutch operator. The Fokker 70’s first flight was on 4 April 1993 at its location of Woensdracht in the Netherlands. The aircraft is a derivative of the Fokker 28 and that’s why the type is officially registered as F28-0070. KLM received the Fokker 70s from the successors of the original manufacturer, as the company started by Anthony Fokker in 1919 in the Netherlands went bankrupt mainly due to bad management in 1996. The first KLM Cityhopper Fokker 70 was delivered in on 22 January 1997, the last on 25 March 2000.
Between 1992 and 1997 only 47 Fokker 70s were produced. KLM Cityhopper has been the biggest operator of the type. A Fokker 70 serves as the government flight of the Netherlands, while the Kenyan Air Force flies one for its president. The other operators are Tyrolean Airways / Austrian Airlines (6), Insel Air (3) and Alliance Airlines (8) in Australia. Fokker Services – one of the successors of Fokker – owns one Fokker 70. The rest of the Fokker 70s are mostly flying in VIP configuration as a luxury company business jet.
The Fokker 70 is powered by two Rolls-Royce Tay 620 turbofans. It has a cruising speed of 456 knots (525 mph or 845 kmh), a range of 2,119 miles (3,410 km) and a service ceiling of 36,000 feet. The only known incident was with an Austrian Airlines jet on 5 January 2004, when it crash-landed on Munich IAP in Germany after ice built up in the engines upon descent. Luckily the crash resulted in no serious injuries to any of the 28 passengers and four crew, with almost all escaped shaken but unharmed.
The introduction of the Embraer E175 and the retirement of the Fokker 70 will be done gradually. KLM Cityhopper together with partner Air France regional daughter Hop! also signed an option for another 17 Embraer E-Jets.
With the arrival of the new aircraft KLM Cityhopper is able to transport 100 passengers on the E190s and 88 on the E175, against 80 on the Fokker 70. The E175 has a slightly shorter range than the Fokker 70: 1,800 miles (3,334 km) with a typical cruising speed of 447 knots (515 mph or 828 kmh). It has a service ceiling of 41,000 feet. Embraer aircraft are not a new sight for KLM Cityhopper. The Dutch daughter of the oldest still existing airline (KLM) flies 28 Embraer E190s.
KLM Cityhopper’s current 47 aircraft make about 300 flights a day, all within Europe, to 54 destinations. Business travellers are the core of the 18,000 passengers that fly daily with the company.
Granted, the numbers pale in comparison to those of Boeing and Airbus, but on its own, Brazilian aircraft builder seems to have done pretty well in 2014. The company ended the year with a total of 208 deliveries: 92 airplanes to the commercial airline market and 116 to the executive aviationmarket. On 31 December, Embraer’s firm order backlog stood at 20.9 billion USD. The company has warned for a negative cash flow in 2015 though.
Most numerous in commercial deliveries was the E175, followed in the distance by the E190 and E195. Highlight in Q4 of 2014 was the delivery to Aeromexico of the 1,100th E-Jet produced, being a E190. On the executive side, the Phenom 300 was the most produced and delivered.
The E190 is the most numerous Embraer product on order, with 580 firm orders. In total, Embraer has 459 commercial airplanes waiting to be produced.