Embraer on Thursday 25 February officially rolled out the first E190 E2 aircraft, the first of a new generation of E-jet single aisle airliners from Brazil. The aircraft appeared from the production hangar in a ceremony held at Embraer’s headquarters in São Paulo, Brazil. Hundreds of eployees and invited Embraer stakeholders witnessed the event.
The new jet is powered by Pratt & Whitney’s PW1900G engines To date, Embraer has received orders, options and letters of intent for more than 640 E-Jets E2s. Embraer is planning on the first flight of the E190-E2 to take place in 2016, with deliveries expected for 2018.
Pratt & Whitney’s collaboration with Embraer on the E2 program began in January 2013 when Embraer selected the GTF engine as the exclusive power for their second generation of E-Jets. This milestone follows the start of the PW1900G engine’s flight test program which began in November 2015.
The E2 enter a competive market with the Bombardier CSeries, Mitsubishi MRJ and Chinese designs all looking for a share. All aircraft have the Pratt & Whitney engine in common.
Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras has finalized the 30 firm orders for the Embraer E195-E2 jets, plus holds purchase rights for another 20 of these aircraft. The deal was signed on 21 May 2015.
Of course, Brazilian Embraer is really happy. “In the name of Embraer’s 19,000 employees, I want to thank Azul for choosing us,” says Paulo César Silva, President & CEO, Embraer Commercial Aviation.
The contract for the E-Jets E2 has an estimated value of USD 3.2 billion if all purchase rights are converted to firm orders. The firm orders will be included in Embraer’s 2015 second-quarter backlog. The first delivery is scheduled for the second quarter of 2020.
Currently, Azul has a total of 82 E-Jets in service and another six E195s on order. It operates the largest fleet of E195s in the world. Azul is the airline with the greatest number of destinations served in Brazil. The company has a fleet of 143 aircraft, more than 10,000 employees, over 900 departures per day, 100+ destinations being served, and one-third of all the departures in the country.
With this firm order from Azul, the E-Jets E2 backlog reaches 242 firm orders, plus 348 options and purchase rights. The first delivery of an E-Jets E2 (the E190-E2) is planned for the first semester of 2018. The E195-E2 is scheduled to enter service in 2019 and the E175-E2 in 2020. Embraer’s E-Jets E2s have Pratt & Whitney PurePowerTM Geared Turbofan high by-pass ratio engines (PW1700G on the E175-E2, PW1900G on the E190-E2 and E195-E2). Combined with new aerodynamically wings, full fly-by-wire flight controls, and improvements to other systems, the E2s are set to deliver reductions in fuel burn, maintenance costs, emissions, and external noise compared to earlier models and other aircraft.
Embraer confirmed on 19 May 2015 that China’s Tianjin Airlines signed the final agreement for the firm order of 20 E195s and two E190-E2s. The final go is the first E-Jet E2 order by a Chinese airline, which no doubt makes the Brazilian aircraft manufacturer very happy.
The deal is part of a larger possibility for a total of 40 aircraft, struck when Chinese President Xi Jinping visited Brazil in July 2014. Embraer is confident that Beijing will also give the final go ahead for the remaining 18 E190-E2s, but has not put a date on it yet.
The first E195 will be delivered to Tianjin in 2015, and the first E190-E2 is scheduled for delivery in 2018. The Chinese airline has the largest fleet of E-Jets in Asia at the moment, with fifty E190s operational.
Embraer is moving all of its European activities from Paris to Amsterdam, the company revealed this weekend. The Dutch capital will be the European hub for the Embraer sales division and maintenance activities. Amsterdam Schiphol could be the obvious choice for the latter, but Lelystad airport may also come into view.
Operations in Africa should also be led from Amsterdam, which undoubtedly was chosen because of the favourable Dutch tax climate. The move is thought to create 300 Dutch jobs. Brazilian company Embraer is the third largest aircraft manufacturer worldwide, following Boeing and Airbus. The main activities will remain in Brazil.
KLM Cityhopper announced on 30 March 2015 the purchase of 17 new Embraer E-Jets to replace its Fokker 70 aircraft. The deal is for 15 E175s and two E190s. The latter will arrive in December 2015, while the E175s are expected between March 2016 and June 2018.
With the purchase the end is in sight for a historical Dutch product flown by a major Dutch operator. The Fokker 70’s first flight was on 4 April 1993 at its location of Woensdracht in the Netherlands. The aircraft is a derivative of the Fokker 28 and that’s why the type is officially registered as F28-0070. KLM received the Fokker 70s from the successors of the original manufacturer, as the company started by Anthony Fokker in 1919 in the Netherlands went bankrupt mainly due to bad management in 1996. The first KLM Cityhopper Fokker 70 was delivered in on 22 January 1997, the last on 25 March 2000.
Between 1992 and 1997 only 47 Fokker 70s were produced. KLM Cityhopper has been the biggest operator of the type. A Fokker 70 serves as the government flight of the Netherlands, while the Kenyan Air Force flies one for its president. The other operators are Tyrolean Airways / Austrian Airlines (6), Insel Air (3) and Alliance Airlines (8) in Australia. Fokker Services – one of the successors of Fokker – owns one Fokker 70. The rest of the Fokker 70s are mostly flying in VIP configuration as a luxury company business jet.
The Fokker 70 is powered by two Rolls-Royce Tay 620 turbofans. It has a cruising speed of 456 knots (525 mph or 845 kmh), a range of 2,119 miles (3,410 km) and a service ceiling of 36,000 feet. The only known incident was with an Austrian Airlines jet on 5 January 2004, when it crash-landed on Munich IAP in Germany after ice built up in the engines upon descent. Luckily the crash resulted in no serious injuries to any of the 28 passengers and four crew, with almost all escaped shaken but unharmed.
The introduction of the Embraer E175 and the retirement of the Fokker 70 will be done gradually. KLM Cityhopper together with partner Air France regional daughter Hop! also signed an option for another 17 Embraer E-Jets.
With the arrival of the new aircraft KLM Cityhopper is able to transport 100 passengers on the E190s and 88 on the E175, against 80 on the Fokker 70. The E175 has a slightly shorter range than the Fokker 70: 1,800 miles (3,334 km) with a typical cruising speed of 447 knots (515 mph or 828 kmh). It has a service ceiling of 41,000 feet. Embraer aircraft are not a new sight for KLM Cityhopper. The Dutch daughter of the oldest still existing airline (KLM) flies 28 Embraer E190s.
KLM Cityhopper’s current 47 aircraft make about 300 flights a day, all within Europe, to 54 destinations. Business travellers are the core of the 18,000 passengers that fly daily with the company.